Cornel A. Keeler Shares the Reality of Changes in the Environment in His Book “Our Field Trip – Pg – 13” – WebWire

Changes can either be to ones advantage or will compromise ones life.

San Diego, California – WEBWIRETuesday, December 13, 2022

A book that discusses differences in culture and its influence on ones self-development

Aside from being a writer, author Cornel A. Keeler has also been involved in politics, sports, church, and Mardi Gras. He is an active member of the United Methodist Church and an alumnus of Nicholls State University. Cornel has always believed that the environment could easily influence a person. This belief led him to write the book Our Field Trip Pg 13 (Trafford; 2010).

Our Field Trip Pg 13 shows the realistic happenings of a person who had to undergo changes in the environment they are in. Most people are not quite aware of the fact that the environment they are currently staying in actually plays a huge part in their self-development.

According to some experts, the human body readily responds to changing environmental stresses in a variety of biological and cultural ways. No wonder that when a person needs to go to other places and stay there for a few weeks or months, they unconsciously adapt to the prevalent culture of that place. And this is the objective of this book.

The story moves from ordinary to adventurous, as each major character exits the group mode and become individuals, exerting their gifts and talents for their own benefit.

Some readers may feel uncomfortable with the subject matter of this book. However, this is the reality that everyone should be more aware of. Moving from one area to another can physically and mentally exhaust them, thus compromising their way of thinking and behavior, which may later cause confusion with their identity.

Anyone interested to read more of Cornel A. Keelers Our Field Trip Pg 13 can order a copy of the book on Amazon and Barnes & Noble.

Our Field Trip Pg 13
Author | Cornel A. Keeler
Published date | February 1, 2010
Publisher | Trafford
Book retail price | $12.95

Author Bio
Cornel A. Keeler makes his home in Morgan City, Louisiana, where he spent half of his adult life working in the oilfield. Other than writing, he has also been involved in politics, sports, church, and Mardi Gras. He is an active member of the United Methodist Church and is an alumnus of Nicholls State University. Cornel is married to Wanda Martin who is from New Orleans and they have two daughters named Carmen and Tiffany.

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Sudan – African Development Bank

The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank Group on 9 December 2022 in Abidjan approved $73.81 million to finance the Sudan Emergency Wheat Production Project under the Bank’s African Emergency Food Production Facility.

Agriculture is the backbone of the Sudanese economy, accounting for 60% of total national exports and generating a third of its gross domestic product. It employs more than half of the country’s workforce.

Sudan, the third largest country by land area, has long suffered from extreme food insecurity due to multiple factors, including economic decline and hyperinflation, conflict-induced population displacement, and poor agricultural harvests.

This situation has worsened in the wake of the current global food and energy price hikes which also hit the country severely. Sorghum and millet prices have jumped by 150-200% since 2021while wheat prices have soared almost three-fold. This is because 60-70% of wheat consumed in Sudan is imported, mainly from Russia and Ukraine. Fertilizer prices have also tripled, as has energy, thus fuelling inflation.

The funds from the African Development Bank will help procure at large scale and deliver certified seeds of climate-adapted varieties, fertilizers, and extension services for smallholder farmers. The project is expected to more-than-double wheat́ production from 630,000 tonnes currently to 1.52 million tonnes in two years. Some 400,000 smallholder farming households, 40% of them women, will benefit from the scheme. Nearly 800,000 casual workers will also benefit from the spin-offs along the wheat́, seed, and fertilizer value chains.

“Sudan, with the largest irrigated area in sub-Saharan Africa, has enormous potential not only to become self-sufficient in wheat, but also to become an exporter,” says Nnenna Nwabufo, African Development Bank’s Director General for East Africa.

The project targets small-scale farmers, seasonal workers, seed producers, and agricultural traders in Sudan’s main wheat-growing regions, such as Al-Jazira, New Halfa, Upper Nile, and White Nile, which have large irrigated areas and are more resilient to climate change.

The World Food Programme in Sudan will implement the project.

“The Sudan Emergency Wheat Production Project (SEWPP) will benefit from the spillovers and lessons learned from previous projects the Bank has financed in the country,” said Mary Monyau, the African Development Bank’s Country Manager in Sudan. Notable among the successful projects is the Technologies for African Agricultural Transformation (TAAT) Wheat initiative (2018-2021), which has revamped the Sudanese wheat́ sector and increased yields from 1.5 to 2.3 tonnes/hectare and production from less than 350,000 tonnes to 1.1 million tonnes in just five years (from 2014 to 2019).

The Bank launched the $1.5 billion African Emergency Food Facility in May 2022 to help African countries avert an imminent food crisis due to the disruption of food supplies resulting from the war in Ukraine.

The Bank currently has 19 operations in Sudan, with a total commitment of $486.2 million. The agriculture sector is the largest beneficiary, with $272.3 million in investments (56% of the portfolio).

5 Essential Things Leaders Can Learn From Their Employees – Entrepreneur

Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own.

In the era of entrepreneurship and business ownership, many aspiring leaders focus on collecting as much knowledge as possible in terms of running a company or maintaining dazzling team performance. Everyone wants to be the best version of themselves when it comes to professional growth and development.

Entrepreneurs worldwide try to be constantly on the right track with approaches, business models, leadership strategies, etc. — the world provides plenty of resources and education in the shape of books, courses, seminars and university degrees.

When it comes to hard skills, though, entrepreneurs can definitely reach out to plenty of resources. We all know, however, that successful leadership is closely connected with soft skills and certain management strategies. What if the employees themselves could teach entrepreneurs useful tips?

Related: 5 Lessons a Boss Should Learn From Employees

The team is the mirror an entrepreneur looks straight into

Usually, we tend to believe that the entrepreneur is the one who teaches their employees all things important when it comes to business and work ethic.

But much like every major aspect of life, it’s a two-way street. A leader can surely share plenty of useful knowledge with their team but the other way around is definitely as important. Being part of a team is incredibly beneficial both for the employees and the entrepreneur. Through tasks and duties, the team can in fact share beneficial knowledge in terms of soft skills and personal growth — they both are crucial when it comes to successful leadership.

All it takes is for the leader to actually listen and pay attention to their surroundings. They’d be surprised to know just how much they can learn through daily communication with the team members. At the end of the day, a leader’s success is measured mostly by the success of the team — what’s important here is that this success is not because of the leader only; the employees themselves contribute a great deal by showcasing their personal experiences, work ethic and communication strategies.

Related: Why Lifelong Learning is the Key to Entrepreneurial Success

5 things employees can teach leaders

A good leader is someone who never stops trying to improve themselves work-wise. And while books and courses are always a great option, we can actually add some additional sources of knowledge and experience. Here are five things an entrepreneur can indeed learn from their relationship with the employees at the office.

  1. Diversity in teams, even when challenging, is definitely worth the effort. A team may (and should) consist of different people with different backgrounds and experiences. This way everyone can easily contribute to the whole group by sharing thoughts and beneficial ideas. The trick for the leader here is to learn how to balance out all the diverse opinions and work approaches. Essentially, this could teach them a thing or two about flexibility and team growth.
  2. Communicating with the employees daily requires the leader to put all theoretical knowledge into practice. Teamwork is indeed a great source of various types of situations and issues that need solving and fixing. Even if an entrepreneur has mastered the management theory, only a live situation can actually showcase all this knowledge in practice. That’s why it’s often said that a good leader is someone who manages to keep their team happy and content with the work they do. Without the team, the feedback and the plethora of situations a workday presents, we, as entrepreneurs, could never really improve our theoretical knowledge and check whether it’s suitable for actual situations.
  3. There’s a close connection between the leader trusting their team and trusting themselves as well. We all know that trust is essential when it comes to establishing great professional relationships. If a leader fails to trust their team, then delegating work may soon result in interpersonal issues and arguments. Since building trust is mutual, whenever a leader allows themselves to let go of control and trust their team members, they also showcase trust in themselves. Why? Simply because the team’s success proves the leader’s fair judgment. Whenever an entrepreneur sees how well they’ve managed to distribute work, they ultimately begin trusting their skills as well.
  4. Since the team often consists of professionals, there’s a high chance the leader can oftentimes take the role of a student. There’s beauty in not knowing everything all the time. This way, any person can allow themselves to submerge in other people’s knowledge and expertise. Coming from a place of respect and trust, entrepreneurs can learn a lot of skills from their employees that later could be used in their own experiences. We all are teachers and students at the same time — the fact that someone is a team leader doesn’t necessarily mean they’ve got nothing to learn from the members of that same team.
  5. While money is important, being happy with what you do is more important. Nowadays, a great majority of employees worldwide tend to choose satisfaction and happiness over big paychecks, especially if the latter is at the expense of the first. Through this constant chase after work fulfillment, entrepreneurs and leaders could indeed stop for a second and remember what truly makes their engine run. Essentially, this is the core of truly successful businesses.

Related: How Becoming a Lifelong Learner Is a Must If You Want to Achieve and Maintain Success

Being part of a team, regardless of the role, is an incredible opportunity for everyone to learn so much and further elevate their professional expertise and personal development.

Entrepreneurs and leaders worldwide can indeed benefit quite a lot if they listen and pay attention to their teams. Through this enriching experience, they can gather additional information and knowledge on all things worthy and self-improving. It would be for the better if they play the role of a student from time to time since this position allows them to truly open the door toward successful leadership and business ownership.

Biden’s New Cold War Against China Could Backfire – New York Magazine

Photo-Illustration: Intelligencer; Photos: Getty Images

The United States launched an economic war against China last month. The declaration of hostilities was a dense regulatory filing. The war is coolly bureaucratic, its aims strictly limited. But there’s little doubt that we would call Joe Biden’s new China policy by that name were the U.S. its target instead of its author.

The policy’s details are complex, involving a thicket of export controls on semiconductors, semiconductor manufacturing equipment, and American expertise related to the two. But its upshot is simple: it is now official U.S. policy to prevent China from achieving its development goals.

Like their counterparts in the U.S., Chinese policymakers believe that mastering advanced computing technologies is a precondition for competing in the highest-value sectors of tomorrow’s economy. The world’s most advanced microchips can power innovation in e-commerce, robotics, medical imaging, pharmaceutical research, self-driving vehicles, and myriad other markets. And the U.S. is now officially committed to keeping such chips beyond China’s grasp.

In some respects, Biden’s export controls are a natural extension of his predecessor’s policies. But they also represent a decisive break with globalization as we’ve known it. Democrats once saw economic integration between the U.S. and China as a means of enhancing America’s national security. Now, they see severing ties between the two nations as indispensable for safeguarding the liberal world order.

Whether Biden’s policy will succeed on its own terms is a source of controversy among national-security experts. The wisdom of those terms is less controversial yet no more obvious. The White House is wagering that openly stymieing China’s economic development will do less to encourage Beijing’s most belligerent tendencies than to constrain them. Nothing less than peace between the world’s preeminent powers may be at stake.

Biden’s export controls aim to stop a phenomenon that has long maddened America’s national-security state: the Chinese government’s use of American tech to enhance its own military prowess.

Many of the world’s most sophisticated martial technologies — including hypersonic missiles and autonomous weapons systems — require American inputs to be constructed, whether in the form of software, components, or expertise. Yet that has not prevented the People’s Liberation Army from making progress in such areas. Given open trade between U.S. and Chinese companies and the close ties between China’s private sector and its security state, the PLA has had little difficulty securing high-end American technology for much of this century.

For four years, American policymakers have been trying to change that. First, under Donald Trump, the U.S. banned the direct sale of advanced, American-fabricated semiconductors to companies with known ties to the Chinese military, including the multinational tech giant Huawei. But this left Huawei and its peers capable of securing advanced chips from fabrication facilities (a.k.a. “fabs”) in Taiwan and South Korea.

So the Trump administration established a new rule: If a fab used U.S. designs, software, or components in producing chips, then it would have to abide by American export restrictions (unless exempted through a hard-to-get license). At present, it is impossible to mass-produce the world’s most advanced semiconductors without U.S. inputs. Thus Trump’s rule effectively choked off Huawei’s access to advanced chips produced anywhere in the world.

These measures took a toll on the targeted firms. But they failed to starve the PLA of cutting-edge semiconductors. Huawei may have been locked out of the market for such wares. But Beijing had little trouble erecting an array of ostensibly independent shell companies that retained legal access to advanced chips.

During Biden’s first year in office, America’s intelligence agencies grew increasingly alarmed by China’s persistent technological progress. They warned the administration that, with the aid of advanced chips, the Chinese Communist Party was making headway toward next-generation weapons systems and decryption technologies.

The events of 2022 only exacerbated such fears. Russia’s attempted conquest of Ukraine — and China’s support for it — made the prospect of a Chinese invasion of Taiwan “seem more real to U.S. officials,” according to the New York Times. Then, last summer, China’s own leading chipmaker achieved a technological breakthrough, producing a semiconductor with circuits “10,000 times thinner than a human hair,” making them roughly as fine as those produced in Taiwan. Conventional wisdom held that the Chinese were still many years away from being able to produce such chips at scale. But then conventional wisdom had previously doubted China’s capacity to manufacture such chips at all.

The Biden administration decided that it needed to erect a new wall between the PLA and advanced semiconductors, one that the Chinese government could not breach by creating shell companies or developing its own domestic chip industry. To do so, it would cease recognizing any distinction between China’s private sector and its military and exploit the global semiconductor supply chain’s reliance on American know-how.

Therefore, in October, the U.S. effectively banned the sale of advanced semiconductors made with U.S. inputs to any entity within China (technically, firms can apply for a license to make such transactions, but those requests will be met with a “presumption of denial”). The Chinese remain incapable of replacing such chips through domestic production. And Biden’s export controls aim to keep it that way. The administration’s rules effectively prohibit the sale of modern semiconductor-manufacturing equipment to China, leveraging the fact that such equipment almost invariably relies on U.S. components. Finally, the measures forbid U.S. persons, be they American citizens or green-card holders, from working in the Chinese semiconductor industry.

If successfully enforced, the administration’s export controls will not merely halt the progress of China’s AI industry but reverse it. China’s supercomputing companies will no longer have access to high-end chips. The nation’s chipmakers will be unable to utilize the world’s most advanced chip-design software or to purchase any cutting-edge semiconductor manufacturing equipment (SME). And its fledgling SME industry will forfeit access to indispensable American components — and, quite likely, indispensable Americans. China’s leading SME maker, Piotech, Inc., has seven executives in key research and development positions; six of them are American citizens. “It’s plausible that in 2030, China would be set back to, say, 2015 levels of technology,” said Dan Wang, a technology analyst with the research firm Gavekal Dragonomics.

For China, averting that plausible future might require building up a wholly indigenous supply chain for advanced semiconductors. Which would be a monumental endeavor.

“The question is: Can China begin to produce the machine tools that it needs to enable domestic fabrication?” said the economic historian Chris Miller, author of Chip War: The Fight for the World’s Most Critical Technology. “And I think the answer to that is: not anytime soon. The specific machines in question are among the most precise and complicated that humans have ever made. And the challenge with this machinery is not simply getting it to work once, but to work with almost perfect accuracy running almost all the time.”

Nevertheless, there are several ways that America’s strategy could falter. The most immediate threat concerns the cooperation of U.S. allies. China may be years away from being able to build advanced semiconductors and SME without America’s help. But the Netherlands and Japan are not. Currently, high-end SME like that produced by the Dutch firm ASML requires U.S. inputs. But if leading firms were sufficiently motivated, they could find alternative components, according to Paul Scharre, vice-president of the Center for a New American Security.

And Biden’s policy effectively creates a massive market for advanced chip technologies that are free of American inputs. That market will only grow over time: Today, only about 1 percent of all chips are advanced enough to meet the export controls’ standard for prohibition. But as innovation in the chip industry progresses, the percentage of chips barred by the administration’s rules will steadily rise.

U.S. allies are sure to abide by the letter of American law. But whether they will enact similar measures, or discourage their firms from helping China navigate the obstacles that America has laid down is less certain. The Biden administration had initially hoped to impose its export controls multilaterally, and spent nearly a year trying and failing to rally allied participation.

“It’s conceivable that foreign companies could recreate these key products without U.S. components in a roughly five-year timeframe,” said Jon Bateman, senior fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. “But the companies would need to make strategic decisions to do so. And their host governments would need to refrain from emulating America’s controls. So diplomacy becomes really important.”

Bateman argues that America’s decision to go forward with unilateral controls risks undermining such diplomacy. “By revealing the maximalism of Washington’s campaign against Chinese technology,” Bateman wrote in a recent piece for Foreign Policy, “the move will sharpen debates in allied capitals about whether U.S. aims align with their own political and economic interests.”

As Bateman’s colleague Matt Sheehan noted in a recent report, although U.S. allies “share a general concern about Chinese technology prowess,” the “exact cost-benefit calculations around equipment sales look different when viewed from a smaller country” that doesn’t see itself “as locked in a battle to be the one dominant global superpower.”

Over the long term, meanwhile, it is possible that Biden’s policy could actually hasten China’s achievement of self-sufficiency in advanced computing. Currently, China imports roughly $400 billion worth of semiconductors per year. If China gets locked out of global markets for high-end chips, a large percentage of that buying power will be redirected to domestic chipmakers.

“So long as Chinese commercial and data center firms have access to foreign chips, they’re going to choose those options over domestic suppliers that are not as capable,” Scharre said. “If you force Chinese data centers to rely on those second-tier domestic companies, those companies will see more profits and revenues, which should increase their capabilities over the long-term.”

It may take a long time for China to develop the machine tools, software, and fabs necessary for producing 2022-level chip technology. But there’s little reason to assume that that objective will escape China indefinitely. Especially, if a “100 percent non-American” SME supply chain arises to serve Chinese demand. In Sharre’s view, the geopolitical competition between the U.S. and China is a long-term one. And proficiency in artificial intelligence will be more valuable in two decades than it is today. A world in which China remains reliant on global supply chains for advanced chips in 2035 is one where the U.S. retains considerable economic leverage over its rival. A world in which China is wholly self-sufficient in the production of the world’s highest-performing chips, on the other hand, is the Pentagon’s nightmare.

Even if Biden’s export controls succeed tactically, they might still fail strategically. Which is to say: They might make China less technologically capable without making the nation less geopolitically dangerous.

By far, China’s most menacing ambition is its commitment to reunification with Taiwan. The United States has good reason to fear that China might eventually seek to take the self-governed island by force. At the CCP’s party congress in October, Xi Jinping reiterated China’s commitment to reunification, and it’s right to do so by “all measures necessary.” 

A Chinese invasion of Taiwan would not only threaten the lives and democratic rights of its 23.5 million inhabitants, but also devastate the global economy. Taiwan currently produces 65 percent of the world’s semiconductors, and 90 percent of its advanced chips. In the event of conflict, the world would almost certainly lose access to those chips for a prolonged period of time; if the fighting destroyed Taiwan’s fabs, a global shortage of semiconductors could durably depress living standards. What’s more, such a war would also threaten shipping lanes that roughly one-third of the world’s seaborne traffic relies upon. According to a study from the RAND Corporation, a year-long war between China and Taiwan would shave between 5 and 10 percent off America’s gross domestic product, and between 25 and 35 percent off of China’s — a development that could destabilize the many developing countries who derive critical revenue from commodity exports to the world’s largest nation.

But it’s not obvious that Biden’s policy does much to discourage China from pursuing such an invasion. America’s export controls will limit the Chinese military’s proficiency in the most technologically sophisticated forms of warfare. Yet, for the foreseeable future, artificial intelligence and quantum computers will have no great bearing on a war in the Taiwan Strait.

“If you pour over the military policy discourse on this,” Bateman said, “the factors that people point to as likely decisive are really the bread and butter stuff: What’s the professionalization of China’s military at the time of invasion? What’s its capability to launch an amphibious invasion? What about Taiwan’s air defenses? What’s the willpower of its civilian population like, et cetera, et cetera. So, count me as dubious that some kind of artificial intelligence capability will be in any way relevant to that conflict in the next decade or two.”

If Biden’s export controls do little to deplete China’s capacity to wage a war against Taiwan, they may give Beijing greater incentive for doing so. Hal Brands, a China scholar at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies, warned in June of a “nightmare scenario” in which China managed to conquer Taiwan while preserving its chipmaking capacities, thereby vaulting ahead “in the race for digital supremacy.” Needless to say, this would be an insanely high-risk path to preeminence in chip technology. But the United States has just thrown a slew of obstacles across the saner routes.

The biggest risk of Biden’s policy, though, may be more abstract. America has now positioned itself as not merely hostile to China’s foreign policy ambitions, but also, to its domestic economic ones. Not long ago, that was a stance that American presidents took pains to forswear.

In his speech hailing China’s entrance into the World Trade Organization in 2000, Bill Clinton acknowledged the fear that an economically mighty China would be a geopolitically dangerous one. But Clinton insisted that trying to limit China’s power by constraining its economic development would be tantamount to affirming the Chinese people’s worst fears about America; namely, that the U.S. did not “want their country to assume a respected place in the world.” Such a policy would therefore “be a gift to the hard-liners in China’s government.”

Many of Clinton’s predictions in that address have aged poorly. And, at this point, China’s hard-liners scarcely need a “gift”; at the last party Congress, Xi Jinping consolidated his power over the CCP. Nevertheless, U.S. policy can still theoretically fortify or mitigate Xi’s most aggressive impulses. And it’s far from clear that Clinton was wrong about the political implications of the United States committing itself to China’s economic containment.

“Anything that makes China feel like it is in a zero-sum contest with the United States endangers the security of Taiwan and U.S. allies in the region,” said Jake Werner, a historian of modern China and Research Fellow at the Quincy Institute For Responsible Statecraft.

Werner argues that the Biden administration’s export controls promote precisely that feeling. The policy’s official aim may be to undermine China militarily rather than economically; the PLA is America’s target, China’s tech sector merely collateral damage. But Beijing sees the measure as an effort to prevail in a zero-sum competition for economic advantage, “Out of the need to maintain its sci-tech hegemony, the U.S. abuses export control measures to maliciously block and suppress Chinese companies,” a spokesperson for China’s Foreign Ministry said upon the policy’s unveiling.

And it isn’t hard to find support for this interpretation of America’s intent. In a September address that foreshadowed Biden’s export controls, White House National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan declared that America’s “comparative advantage” in the global economy “must be renewed, revitalized, and stewarded.” In the realm of key emerging technologies, Sullivan argued that the United States could not settle for a “relative” advantage over its competitors, but “must maintain as large of a lead as possible.”

To be sure, the administration’s export controls could have been more aggressive. The rules preserve China’s access to the bulk of the world’s microchips, and leaves the nation with plenty of room to grow its tech industry. The primary threat to Chinese growth and prosperity remains the imbalances and inequalities of its domestic economy, for which U.S. policymakers bear little responsibility.

But over time, America’s economic war against China is likely to expand to new fronts. Biden has just reset the baseline for what it means to be “tough” on China. The Republican Party will surely seek to stake out a more aggressive stance. At present, there is little political incentive for either party to associate itself with a more dovish position toward China. And the more economic links between the two nations get severed, the smaller the constituency for rapprochement will become. Already, the Biden administration is contemplating further controls on biotechnology, quantum information science, and advanced algorithms.

In celebrating the integration of the American and Chinese economies 22 years ago, Bill Clinton conjured a global order defined by mutually beneficial exchange. In his telling, increasing China’s access to American capital and technology would “liberate the potential of its people — their initiative, their imagination, their remarkable spirit of enterprise.” And China’s liberation would redound to America’s benefit, making the United States more prosperous and the American-led world order more secure.

History hasn’t proceeded according to plan. Beijing proved capable of liberalizing China’s economy without liberalizing its politics. And the peculiar form of globalization that Clinton championed — one characterized by limited economic planning and inequitable growth — expanded the borders of the American Rust Belt while reinforcing reactionary currents in its politics.

But to Werner, that is no reason to give up on globalization’s highest ideals. In his view, the growing enmity between the U.S. and China derives in no small part from lackluster global growth. “The problem with the global economy is not really that we don’t have enough people competing on AI,” Werner said. “The problem is that we don’t have adequate consumer demand. There’s not enough good jobs and highly paid consumers to keep the global economy going. And that’s why you get these really intense competitions for these very niche but high-value sectors.”

Werner argues increasing the purchasing power of the world’s poor and working classes would engender higher growth rates, broader opportunities for profit-making, and thus a less tense relationship between China and the U.S.

Werner’s vision may be hopelessly utopian. And Biden’s critics could well be wrong. The administration’s export controls may durably degrade the Chinese military’s technological acumen. And America’s declaration of economic war may have little bearing on the belligerence of Xi’s regime. If the Chinese leader is already committed to the conquest of Taiwan and the domination of China’s near-abroad, then the U.S. may be justified in worrying more about limiting his government’s capabilities than attenuating its nationalist resentments.

But if this analysis is correct, the implications seem bleak. The last Cold War killed millions and nearly sparked nuclear war more than once. A protracted, zero-sum struggle between the world’s two most powerful economies carries many of the same risks. “The deeper you drive this enmity,” Werner said, “the more likely it leads to an explosion that makes it impossible to turn back.”

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Envoys task Nigerian women on mentorship, self-development – News Agency of Nigeria

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From left: Ambassador of Finland to Nigeria & ECOWAS, Leena Pylvanainen; Ms Ulla Mueller, Resident Recurrentative, UNFPA Nigeria; Extreme Commissioner of Malaysia to Nigeria, Gloria Tiwet and Ms Ndi Kato, Authorities Director, Dinidari Basis on Wednesday in Abuja.

 

By Taiye Agbaje
Some feminine ambassadors, on Wednesday, suggested Nigerian womales To choose malestors who they notion and respect.
They spoke at an event organised by She Discussion board Africa And womales Lead Discussion board in Abuja.
The Information Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reviews that the programme was titled: “Defy The possibilities: Thrive and Step It Up.”
The Ambassador of Finland to Nigeria and ECOWAS, Leena Pylvanainen, said womales ought to see their malestors as position fashions.
Based mostly on her, a malestee ought to On A daily foundation be allowed To choose his or her personal malestor.
“And in making that selection, A woman can go for A particular person as a malestor.
“It Might be A particular person The woman is Aware of and understands.
“In our system, we talked about allies and The biggest Method to foster new Kinds of alliances with males.
“However, not every man Is usually A great malestor for you And by no means every woman Is usually A great malestor.
“It Should be somebody You understand to notion and to respect and that takes a bit if time,” she said.
Ms Ulla Mueller, Resident Recurrentative of United Nations Inhabitants Fund (UNFPA), said in malestorship, one Desires To imagine about The will of The ladstee.
“What do You exactly want? Do You’d like to be malestored to be your self, obtain your life ambition Or merely for a profession development?,” she requested.
She said it was time The womales knew that “the odds Aren’t with us and We now Need to Search out methods to outline the odds.”
She said womales ought to work to create a society the place they Get up For every completely different.
“It is not solely about us striving, it is about communities, nations and the world striving.
“We ought to almethods embrace One ancompletely different, cease criticising One ancompletely different.
“Regardless of your hierarchy, open your door and pay attention with an intent to pay attention, not with an intent To answer,” she said.
On her par, the Extreme Commissioner of Malaysia to Nigeria, Gloria Tiwet, recommalesded the organisers of the event.
She said As in contrast Collectively with her nation with 32 million people, Nigeria is An monumalestal nation.
“I can say half of your population are womales And that is double of The measuremalest of Malaysian population,” she said.
Tiwet decsribed Nigerian womales as “hardworking and self-discipline.”
The chief Director of Dinidari Basis, Ms Ndi Kato, said if extra Nigerian womales are given probability Inside The regular Of labor and management place, there Can be a marked distinction.
“We’d like This alternative for Nigerian womales. We have to see extra collaboration and extra work with womales,” she said.
Founding father of She Discussion board Africa, Ms Inimfon Etuk, said going by this yr’s title, The womales are inspired to double their power To understand The identical diploma of obtainmalests The lads had.
Based mostly on her, although it has On A daily foundation said that the world is equal, Everytime you come to exact expertise and The fact of Many womales, equality Proceeds to be very a lot far out For womales in Nigeria and certainly African continent and globally.
Etuk said the convention, subsequently, currentd a platform to consider what Should be apparent precedence as they continued to aspire and work in the direction of attaining widespread equality Inside the nation and on the continent.
She urged the Federal Authorities to prioritise enchancmalest for the residents and make enchancmalest A particular personal goal in the direction of the residents, particularly The womales and womales.
She said the organisation is a platform nurtured To current a malestorship assist to Nigerian womales.(NAN)(www.nannews.ng)

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edited by Sadiya Hamza

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Economic Watch: New regulation extends boost to China’s self-employed businesses – Xinhua

BEIJING, Nov. 2 (Xinhua) — More than 100 million Chinese self-employed businesses are set to receive a boost as a new regulation in support of their development has taken effect.

Covering taxation, finance, social security, and employment policies, the regulation, effective from Tuesday, provides fresh assistance to self-employed individuals and seeks to address their immediate challenges and unleash their vitality.

POLICY SUPPORT

Under the new regulation, a series of institutional arrangements will be made to nourish the individual economy further. For instance, the State Council will set up an inter-ministerial mechanism to improve the synergy and coordination in tackling key issues concerning the prosperity of self-employed businesses.

Data from the State Administration for Market Regulation (SAMR) showed that China had 111 million self-employed businesses by the end of September, accounting for two-thirds of the country’s market entities.

In view of the practical problems faced by individual businesses in their daily activities, the regulation also rolls out specific measures to facilitate problem-solving on the ground, such as requiring local governments to increase the supply and reduce the cost of using business premises for individual businesses.

The new regulation is among the country’s latest efforts to help self-employed individuals cushion the epidemic impact and other difficulties. Supportive policies, including housing rent relief, tax and fee cuts, and loan support, have been introduced to ease their burdens.

Sun Bin, running a teahouse in the eastern Chinese city of Hangzhou, has seen its business revenue shrinking due to disruptions caused by the COVID-19 epidemic.

But thanks to a local housing rent relief policy, Sun received a three-month rent exemption. Then the rent was reduced by half for another three months. Besides, when his shop underwent refurnishing, he was exempt from paying rent for two more months.

A total of 97,000 yuan (about 13,400 U.S. dollars) in rent was saved, according to Sun, easing pressure on cash flow and cutting operating costs.

Xu Yingjie, a researcher with the Development Research Center of the State Council, said China’s self-employed businesses have managed to maintain stable development thanks to targeted support measures.

Under the new regulation, policy support has been further extended to include measures like encouraging financial institutions to develop tailor-made financial products and services, optimizing vocational skills training, supporting business startups, as well as strengthening the protection of individual businesses’ rights in shop names, trademarks, patents, and trade secrets.

INSTANT EFFECT

The new regulation promises to simplify administrative procedures and improve the business environment to create favorable conditions for the healthy development of individual businesses.

The changes came immediately. In Beijing, Guo Hua’s family has been operating the Yuebin Restaurant for more than four decades. Guo’s dad, who got the business license for the restaurant in 1980, has long wanted to change the restaurant’s operator to her.

But before the new regulation went into effect, Guo’s family had to cancel the business license and get a new one. The new regulation allows them to keep it and only change the name on it.

On Tuesday afternoon, Guo Hua became the first one in the country to complete the procedure and had her name appear on the business license.

That will make it easier to continue to operate the restaurant. It will also help preserve some time-honored businesses in the city, said Guo.

Pu Chun, an SAMR official, said the new regulation provides comprehensive support for self-employed individuals and is expected to stabilize their expectations, boost market confidence, and promote economic growth.

The market regulation departments at all levels in the country should work with relevant departments to ensure the implementation of the regulation, said Pu.

20th Party Congress Report: What it Means for Business and Development – China Briefing

On October 16, the first day of the week-long 20th Party Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, President Xi Jinping delivered the 20th Party Congress report. The report, which is a summary of the speech Xi Jinping gave on the first day of the congress, looks back upon the achievements since the previous congress and earlier, and outlines the country and the party’s underlying policy agenda for the following five-year term.

Despite no new policies being announced, the report clarifies the priorities for China going forward and sets some concrete targets for 2035 and mid-century. It also spells out key tasks and principles in a broad range of fields, from governance, foreign policy, business environment, social development, talent cultivation, and climate and environment, among many others. 

In this article, we look at how the report sheds light upon China’s development trajectory across five key areas: foreign investment and market opening, technological development, green development and climate targets, social welfare and development, and COVID-19. 

Long-term goals 

The long-term goal set forth in the report is to “comprehensively build a powerful modern socialist country”. This goal is to be achieved in two phases: basically achieving modern socialism from 2020 to 2035 and building a great modern socialist country that is “prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful” from 2035 to 2050. 

The report provides a more granular explanation for the 2035 target. Below, we have summarized the targets that relate to economic and industry development: 

By 2035, China’s overall development targets include: 

  • Achieve a per capita GDP level of a moderately developed country; 
  • Achieve high-level scientific and technological self-reliance and be at the forefront of innovative countries; 
  • Build a modern economic system, form a new development pattern, and basically realize new industrialization, informatization, urbanization, and agricultural modernization; 
  • Build a strong country in education, science and technology, talent, culture, sports, and healthy China, and significantly enhance China’s soft power; 
  • Increase the per capita disposable income of residents, significantly increase the proportion of middle-income groups, make basic public services equal, and ensure rural areas have access to modern living conditions; 
  • Form green production and lifestyles, stabilize and decrease carbon emissions after reaching peak emissions (in 2030), and fundamentally improve the ecological environment. 

The report also provides general goals for the next five-year term. The targets are not concrete in nature and generally are steps toward achieving the 2035 targets. They include: 

  • Improving self-reliance in science and technology; 
  • Matching the growth of residents’ income with economic growth;
  • Matching the increase in labor remuneration with the increase in labor productivity;
  • Making basic public services more equal;
  • Taking a step toward completing the multi-level social system; and
  • Significantly improving the urban and rural living environment.

Foreign investment and market opening 

The report makes a few references to foreign investment, businesses, and market opening, and though it does not provide new information on related policies, it still underscores China’s basic position of continued market opening. It also underlines that foreign investment and businesses will continue to have an important role in China’s future development in a few key ways. 

First, the report calls for implementing a “more active opening strategy”. This will include building a network of high-standard free trade zones (FTZs) and accelerating the construction of pilot FTZs and the Hainan Free Trade Port (FTP).

The report also states that China has become the largest trading partner for over 140 countries and regions and is the number one destination for foreign direct investment (FDI) in the world, clearly illustrating the importance of foreign trade and investment to the country. 

Second, the report makes it clear that foreign investment and business will be a core tenant of the country’s “high-quality development”, which in itself was an important component of the report. 

The report mentions the role of foreign investment and business in the scope of China’s “dual circulation” strategy, through which China will strive to “attract global resources with the domestic cycle, enhance links between domestic and international markets, and improve the quality and level of trade and investment cooperation”. 

Other proposed measures to promote foreign trade and investment mentioned in the report include: 

  • Steadily expanding the institutional opening of rules, regulations, management, and standards; and
  • Optimization and upgrading of trade in goods, innovating the development mechanism of trade in services, developing digital trade, and accelerating the construction of a trade powerhouse. 

The report reiterates efforts to improve the investment environment for foreign businesses and investors, with measures including: 

  • Reasonably reducing the negative list for foreign investment access;
  • Protecting the rights and interests of foreign investors in accordance with the law;
  • Creating a market-oriented, legalized, and international first-class business environment;
  • Accelerating the construction of the Hainan FTP and expanding the global network of high-standard FTZs; and
  • Promoting the internationalization of the RMB. 

Another aspect of achieving “high-quality development” is to improve the business environment more generally, which in turn will also benefit foreign investors and businesses. Though only briefly mentioned, the report calls for “deepening the reform of streamlining administration and delegating powers, combining delegating power with regulation, and optimizing services”. This is essentially a pledge to continue with the fangguanfu campaign to reduce administrative red tape and delegate more decision-making abilities to lower-level governments.  

Along similar lines, the report also calls for the continuation of other efforts and campaigns to optimize the business environment, including more support for small and medium-sized enterprises, improving intellectual property rights (IPR) protection, fair competition, and strengthening China’s anti-monopoly and anti-unfair competition capabilities. 

Finally, the report stresses the importance of “high-quality opening”, which means actively encouraging foreign investment in areas that will help China achieve its core development goals. These, as we discuss in more detail below, include improving China’s scientific and technological self-reliance and innovation capabilities, as well as rebalancing development across different regions. Foreign companies and investors that are active in these areas, in particular, if they seek to invest in inland areas in the west and northeast, will continue to be welcome.  

Rebalancing development 

A key development goal that has received increased attention over the past few years is the rebalancing of development across different regions in China. This rebalancing act will include efforts to move certain industries from the wealthier and more developed eastern and coastal regions to the western and central regions, as well as further growing key industries in these less developed areas. 

The report brings up the importance of this task again, stating that China will “promote coordinated regional development”. Among other tasks, this will involve promoting the development of the western regions, “comprehensive revitalization” of the northeastern regions, accelerating the rise of the central regions, and encouraging the eastern regions to accelerate modernization. 

It also explicitly calls for the continued development of China’s mega-city clusters, in particular the Xiongan New Area of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei economic cluster and the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle. 

Technology 

Talent 

One of China’s key development goals – which the report also lists as one of the main development targets for the mid-21st century – is to achieve scientific and technological self-sufficiency. The report itself doesn’t go into too much detail on how technological self-sufficiency will be quantified, but it does make a clear case for one of the key ways that it expects to achieve it: by cultivating science and technology talent. 

The report dedicates an entire chapter to the cultivation of tech talent, which underlines the importance of science and technology education and support for talent. The report states that “science and technology are the primary productive force, talents are the primary resource, and innovation is the primary driving force [for building a modern socialist country]”. 

Among the various goals for improving China’s science and technology talent pool, the report also calls for “strengthening the international exchange of talent”, indicating that China will continue to seek high-level foreign talent for strategic industries. 

Education 

The report places a high level of importance on education as a means for increasing science and technology talent, calling for, among other things, making education in urban and rural areas more equal and improving the student funding system of all school levels (currently, the nine years of compulsory schooling are funded by the state). 

Considerable emphasis is also placed on the role of vocational education, with the report calling for more collaboration in innovation between vocational education, higher education, and further education, as well as promoting the integration of industry and education and optimizing the positioning of vocational education. Finally, the report also raises the role of private education in the realm of science and technology, although it does not provide specifics.  

Innovation 

The report calls on improving innovation to increase China’s standing in terms of technological and scientific innovation and achieving self-sufficiency in these fields. 

Among other measures, it calls for promoting the construction of international science and technology innovation centers, increasing investment in “diversified science and technology”, strengthening IPR, and expanding international science and technology cooperation and exchange.  

In terms of improving China’s innovation capabilities, the report also encourages “originality and free exploration”, and calls for creating a favorable environment for the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the science and technology fields. 

Green development 

The two periods of development outlined in the report – from 2020 to 2035 and 2035 to 2050 – will witness China’s efforts to reduce its carbon emissions and achieve its “dual carbon” goals. The next five-term will also put the country on track toward achieving the first of these goals: reaching peak carbon emissions by 2030. 

The report reiterates China’s commitment to improving the environment and reducing carbon emissions, stating unequivocally that “nature is the basic condition for human survival and development”. 

To this end, the report calls for: 

1. Accelerating the “green transformation” of the development mode; that is, promoting green and low-carbon economic and social development. 

Specific measures include (but are not limited to): 

  • Improving the fiscal, tax, financial, investment, price policies and standard systems that support green development;
  • Accelerating the research and development, promotion, and application of advanced technologies for energy conservation and carbon reduction; and
  • Advocating green consumption, and promoting the formation of green and low-carbon production methods and lifestyles.

2. Deepening the prevention and control of environmental pollution. 

This will involve (among other tasks): 

  • Adhering to precise, scientific, and law-based pollution control, scientific pollution control; 
  • Strengthening the coordinated control of pollutants and basically eliminating heavily polluted weather;  
  • Coordinating the management of water resources and promoting the ecological protection and management of important rivers, lakes, and reservoirs, and basically eliminating urban polluted bodies of water;
  • Strengthening the prevention and control of soil pollution sources and carrying out new pollutant treatment; and
  • Fully implementing the pollutant discharge permit system and improving the modern environmental management system.  

3. Improving diversity, stability, and sustainability of ecosystems. 

Measures for improving ecosystems include: 

  • Accelerating the implementation of major projects for the protection and restoration of important ecosystems;  
  • Promote the construction of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body;
  • Implementing major biodiversity conservation projects;
  • Carrying out large-scale land greening campaigns;
  • Promoting the regeneration of grasslands, forests, rivers, lakes, and wetlands; 
  • Implementing a ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River;
  • Improving the system of farmland fallow rotation; and
  • Strengthening biosafety management and preventing the invasion of alien species. 

4. Actively and steadily promote carbon peaking and carbon neutrality; or achieving China’s “dual carbon” targets. 

To achieve China’s “dual carbon” targets, the report recognizes the need for systemic change in how the country’s economy is run. However, it also emphasizes China’s need to maintain energy stability, with the report stating that China must “insist on establishing first and breaking after”. This means that China will draw upon non-renewable energy sources – including coal and other fossil fuels – to meet its growing energy demand and then take a step-by-step approach to reduce reliance on these sources. For this reason, the key tasks also include “strengthening the clean and efficient utilization of coal, intensifying the exploration and development of oil and gas resources, and increasing reserves and production”. 

As for further measures to reduce reliance on fossil fuels and reducing emissions, these include: 

  • Improving the regulation of total energy consumption and intensity, focusing on controlling fossil energy consumption, and gradually shifting to a “dual control” system for total carbon emissions and intensity;
  • Promoting clean and low-carbon transformation of industry, construction, transportation, and other fields;
  • Coordinating hydropower development and ecological protection; 
  • Actively developing nuclear power in a safe and orderly manner;
  • Improving the carbon emission statistics and accounting system, and improving the carbon emission rights market trading system;
  • Improving ecosystems’ carbon sink capacity; and
  • Actively participating in global climate change governance. 

Common prosperity 

As a flagship campaign launched by Xi Jinping in August 2021, common prosperity is an important component of the 20th Party Congress report. The report sheds new light on some of the ways in which China will seek to reduce wealth inequality and balance the level of social and economic development across different regions of the country. 

The report makes it clear that common prosperity is an “essential requirement” for socialism with Chinese characteristics, and that China will strive to “maintain and promote social fairness and justice, promote common prosperity for all people, and to resolutely prevent polarization”. 

One of the key ways in which China will seek to achieve common prosperity is to “improve the distribution system”.  

This will not necessarily mean direct income redistribution, but rather efforts to provide fairer labor remuneration, better economic opportunities, and targeted tax policies, among other strategies, to ensure better wealth distribution in the long term. The report, as well as previous information released by the government on the matter, also indicates that China will not implement a wide-ranging welfare system, and will continue to encourage hard work on the part of the individual. 

Specifically, the report calls for: 

  • Increasing the proportion of residents’ income in the distribution of national income and increasing the proportion of labor remuneration in the primary income distribution;
  • Encouraging hard work to become rich, promoting equality of opportunity, increasing the income of low-income people, and expanding the middle-income group;
  • Increasing property income of urban and rural residents;
  • Improving the individual income tax system;
  • Standardize wealth accumulation mechanisms, protect legitimate income, regulate excessive income, and ban illegal income; and
  • Guide and support companies, social organizations, and individuals that are willing and able to actively participate in public welfare and charitable undertakings. 

COVID-19 and healthcare 

The report does not make many references to the COVID-19 pandemic, but when it does mention it, it is clear that the position on China’s zero-COVID policy remains unchanged.

The report repeats previously used wording on the topic, writing that “we must adhere to upholding the life of people above all else” and “being unswerving in insisting on dynamic clearing”. “Dynamic clearing”, dongtai qingling, refers to the prevention strategy that strives to keep COVID-19 to a minimum by adopting dynamic prevention measures, such as widespread and regular testing, snap lockdowns, and restrictions on movement and business operations.

However, looking to the longer term, the report calls upon various measures to improve China’s healthcare system and abilities to handle epidemics more generally. For instance, the report calls on improving the ability to detect major epidemics, including improving early warning, prevention, and treatment systems. 

Key takeaways from the 20th Party Congress report 

One of the key takeaways from the 20th Party Congress report is that China will seek to stabilize its economy and development before embarking on any new major policy developments. The last few years have already seen the country launch several new policies, from social development to climate to market opening. As such, focus over the next months and years will continue to be placed on the current targets for the economy, industry, and society. 

The report does serve an important function in highlighting some of the priorities for China over the next five-year term and beyond, and we can therefore glean some important information in terms of the country’s trajectory. 

It is clear from the report that China will continue to further open markets, in particular in FTZs and FTPs such as Hainan and the mega-city clusters. In addition, as we can see from the efforts to improve market access, strengthen IPR, and increase the role of FTZs and FTPs, the government continues to see foreign investors and businesses as having an important role to play in China’s future.

It is also important to remember that the function of the report is mostly not to implement specific policies, but rather to act as guidance for policymakers and regulators over the next five years. We therefore only expect to see the full impact and implications of the 20th Party Congress report, or the outcomes of the congress as a whole, over the next few months, as the various government bodies tasked with formulating plans and policies begin to showcase their work.


About Us

China Briefing is written and produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The practice assists foreign investors into China and has done so since 1992 through offices in Beijing, Tianjin, Dalian, Qingdao, Shanghai, Hangzhou, Ningbo, Suzhou, Guangzhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Shenzhen, and Hong Kong. Please contact the firm for assistance in China at [email protected]

Dezan Shira & Associates has offices in Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore, United States, Germany, Italy, India, and Russia, in addition to our trade research facilities along the Belt & Road Initiative. We also have partner firms assisting foreign investors in The Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, Bangladesh.

What Does the Cloud-Native Landscape Look Like for Communication Service Providers? – LightWave Online

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Can the resignation of Truss save the UK as it is sliding into an economic abyss? – Global Times

Illustration: Chen Xia/GT

Political chaos in the UK has become commonplace since Brexit in 2016. Liz Truss, the new British prime minister who has just served for 45 days, announced her resignation on Thursday. It is the shortest tenure of any UK prime minister. This is something that has not happened in modern British politics for a century. The Conservative Party seems to have realized that the new prime minister, who has vowed to be the modern “Iron Lady,” is unable to take on the arduous task of revitalizing the British economy.

But the question is: Can the resignation of Truss truly revive market confidence?

It is a hasty judgment to blame the current economic problems in the UK simply on the unpopularity of Truss’ tax-cut plan. Tax cuts are not without merit in stimulating economic growth. However, the real concern is: Is the market still interested in what constitutes an effective economic growth policy? 

Among the numerous comments, the following two standpoints have been repeatedly mentioned by experts from different political camps: First, even if an effective economic development strategy is proposed now, it will take time to implement it. Can the UK still wait? Second, what is exactly dragging down the UK economy? The government has not thoroughly analyzed what kind of political and social environment is needed for social and economic growth.

Now the British government seems to be really thinking about the problem “seriously.” Nevertheless, not long ago, the world economic community has predicted that the UK is currently “on the brink of recession” and that the UK economy has entered a “technical recession.” When the market and the public have lost patience and economic recession has become the “general anticipation” of British society, any policy will be of no avail. Ineffective social governance has undermined the foundations of the British economy. “Small government, big society” was once the proud political label of British and American political culture. British parliamentary debates have also been portrayed as the standard of modern political life. 

However, after Brexit, social and livelihood issues have not been effectively addressed, and the plight of domestic and foreign affairs has not really been responded to. Politicians in the UK shuttle among meetings discussing various proposals, and staging political shows, which is the norm in British political life nowadays.

Any capital would like to have a lasting and stable investment environment, a healthy and promising political system, and an optimistic and positive social mentality. These extremely important elements of the investment environment are scarce in the UK today. 

The ideologicalization of the British economy has greatly depleted the key elements of British development. The British economy is fundamentally based on commerce and free trade, which is the secret of its continued prosperity in recent history. However, the international community has witnessed the British government’s economic policy sliding into an ideological abyss in recent years. 

In the Russia-Ukraine conflict, the British government used extreme measures to deal with Russian assets in the UK on the grounds of sanctions against Russia, which is tantamount to burying the sacred rules and open principles of the British market with its own hands. In its relations with China, the UK has repeatedly weaponized the concept of “national security” and created artificial barriers in the fields of 5G application, commercial investment, and scientific and technological cooperation. How can a country that lacks basic commercial credibility and continuity of economic policies build an international business environment that is adapted to the country’s economic development?

If the UK wants to gain lasting momentum for future economic growth, it must rebuild its strategic awareness for the future world. We live in a world of violent turbulences and changes. The essential features of this change are not only the transfer of the world’s economic center, but also the self-development and transformation of the cultural destiny of all countries in the world.

The UK is a pivotal country with global historical significance. It has injected political ideology and economic development concepts with extensive influence into world modernization. However, world history cannot always proceed mechanically in the direction set by a few Western countries. Modern human civilization needs new concepts.

Unfortunately, the mainstream ideology of British politics is based on zero-sum game and the law of the jungle during the Cold War, a cultural mentality that will probably lead to social unrest far more violent than economic recession.

The author is director of the Center for British Studies at Shanghai International Studies University. [email protected]

Yamaha progresses self-driving development with Panason… – Visordown

Yamaha has expanded its autonomous programme thanks to a deal between eve autonomy and Panasonic.

Autonomous driving is becoming an increasingly common part of life in contemporary society. Motorcycle riders are currently taught to fear it as in cars it can be dangerous to them, and in motorcycles it can take away the pleasure of riding. 

But, the manufacturers see opportunities. Yamaha is one of those, and its “group company,” as Yamaha refers to it, eve autonomy, is currently the primary limb through which it experiments with autonomous technology. 

(Officially, eve autonomy, and its automated transportation service, eve auto, are spelt without capitalised initials. For the benefit of the reader, this article will use capitalised initials for both Eve Autonomy and Eve Auto from here on.)

Eve Autonomy has now deployed – on a trial basis its – Eve Auto automated transportation service in a Panasonic factory in Japan that builds refrigerators, drinks dispensers and other kinds of chilling devices. 

(It is also worth noting Panasonic’s relationship with Toyota. Panasonic appeared on Toyota’s F1 racers between 2002 and 2009, and the two companies are also co-founders of the Prime Planet Energy & Solutions joint venture which began in 2020 and makes batteries. Yamaha’s relationship with Toyota has increased recently as the two – as well as many other companies – work together to develop hydrogen technology as a fuel for vehicles.)

“Several processes at the factory involve transporting parts across multiple buildings by a large number of manned forklifts and trucks,” Yamaha says. Here, Yamaha is replacing the manned forklifts with the Eve Auto self-driving vehicles. They say this will improve safety and “save labour.” 

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Autonomous technology, although becoming more commonplace, is still relatively juvenile and, for Yamaha, that is more so the case than it is for some car manufacturers, for example, who have already equipped production models with self-driving technology for a while. 

Learning about autonomous technology in a relatively predictable environment like a factory, where there are less external vehicles, speeds are lower, and routes are generally quite repetitive is certainly something that makes sense. 

For Yamaha, this presents a good opportunity to develop in a relatively safe way autonomous technology while also building industrial partnerships and furthering one of the companies which was identified as what it calls a “Growth Business” part of its Medium-Term Management Plan (from 2022-2024).

Certainly, there is the possibility that what Yamaha learns as a part of Auto Eve’s deployment in this Panasonic factory could later be transferred to Yamaha’s own motorcycles. This could be in the form of more reliable and safer radar-guided cruise control, or even full-scale automobility. 

For now it is difficult to decipher the exact end point for this, but what is clear is Yamaha’s autonomous intentions, as this news comes after Yamaha increased its investment in the open-source self-driving operating system, Autoware.

Yamaha MT-10 2022 Review – New Master of Torque!